Battle of Britain

July 2020 marked the 80th anniversary of the Battle of Britain - a four month airborne campaign vital to the defence of this country from attack and invasion by German forces.

The average RAF pilot was just 20 years of age and outnumbered 4:1 by Hitler's Luftwaffe. Survival rates were low - 544 RAF Command pilots were killed, together with 1000 from other Allied commands. 2500 German air crew were killed in action. Many of those pilots and crew who survived crashes suffered terrible burns and lifelong trauma.

Despite the odds, the Allies triumphed thanks to through a combination of extraordinary courage, determination and technological advances such as radar. The men and women who played such a key role in the defence of Britain deserve to be remembered, for as Prime Minster Winston Churchill said:

"Never was so much owed by so many to so few."


Battle of Britain: Online displays

Battle of Britain pilots

Battle of Britain ( RAF Museum )

8 Things you need to know ( IWM )

Battle of Britain ( for children )

Polish pilots, Battle of Britain

A Battle of the Nations

Pilots of the Caribbean

Polish pilots in the Battle of Britain

Air Chief Marshall Hugh DowdingMerton's links to the Battle

The airmen's stories: P K Walley

Air Chief Marshall Hugh Dowding


Battle of Britain: Word and Pictures

Click on the links below to view film and hear descriptions and memories of the battle.

Air Chief Marshall Keith Park


Churchill speech: Their Finest Hour

BBC Charles Gardner

Churchill speech: The Few

Hugh Dowding Interview

Keith Park Interview

Battle of Britain ( film theme )

Battle of Britain pilots


Battle of Britain veterans

Pilot Roger Morewood

Polish pilot Josef Witkowski

Navigator John Joseph Blair

Pilot Tony Pickering

Pilot Bob Foster

Battle of Britain memorial


What was the Battle of Britain

Battle of Britain newsreels

Battle of Britain colour footage

The schoolgirl and the Spitfire

Our Wall ( Poem by Flight Lieutenant William Walker )



Battle of Britain : Activities

Cut out and colour Spitfire

Cut-out and colour Spitfire

Cut-out & colour Spitfire instructions



Battle of Britain colouring sheets

Battle of Britain Colouring sheets


Share Your Memories:

Please help us to honour the memory of those who sacrificed so much - if you have family stories or memorabilia linked to the Battle of Britain, we would love to hear from you.

You can email Merton Heritage Service at: or write to:

Merton Heritage Centre, Merton Civic Centre, London Rd. Morden. SM4 5DX


Related material:

For more heritage resources, including material on World War II, visit our History Pages & Activities section.